On October 31, 2014, Citizenship and Immigration Canada announced reforms to the former Live-In Caregiver Program (“LCP”). The LCP allowed Canadian employers to recruit foreign nationals to live and work in their homes to provide childcare or home support for seniors or people with disabilities. After two years of work, these caregivers were able to apply for permanent residence.

The new Caregiver Program no longer requires that caregivers live with the employing family. A live-in arrangement is still available if both the employer and caregiver voluntarily agree to this arrangement, but the employer will no longer be able to deduct room and board from the caregiver’s wages, and the caregiver will no longer be able to apply for permanent resident status as a live-in caregiver.

Two Pathways to Permanent Residence

On November 30, 2014, two separate pathways to permanent residence were introduced for live-in caregivers.  Both pathways have an annual cap of 2,750 applications each for a total of 5,500 applications.

The two permanent residence pathways:

Caring for Children  

To qualify under the Caring for Children permanent residence pathway, the applicant must:

  • have a minimum of two years of full-time work experience in Canada as a home childcare provider within the past four years (at least 30 hours per week) gained with a valid work permit
  • meet a minimum language requirement under the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5
  • meet the definition of a home childcare provider as defined by the National Occupation Classification 4411; and
  • possess a one-year Canadian post-secondary credential or to have their foreign credentials assessed by a CIC-designated organization.

The cap for this group is 2,750 applicants, excluding spouses and dependents.

Caring for People with High Medical Needs

To qualify under for the Caring for People with High Medical Needs permanent residence pathway, the applicant must:

  • have a minimum of two years of full-time work experience in Canada (at least 30 hours per week) providing in-home care or care in a health facility to the elderly or persons with disabilities or chronic disease (i.e. as a registered nurse, a registered psychiatric nurse, a licensed practical nurse, a nurse aide, a patient service associate or a home support worker) gained with a valid work permit
  • demonstrate that the applicant is licensed to practice in Canada, if applicable
  • possess a one-year Canadian post-secondary credential or have their foreign credentials assessed by a CIC designated organization
  • meet a minimum language requirement under the CLB 7, if applying as a registered nurse or registered psychiatric nurse; and
  • meet a minimum language requirement under the CLB 5, if applying in any other qualifying occupation.

The cap for this group is 2,750 applicants, excluding spouses and dependents.

If you need help with a caregiver application, we’re here for you, whether you are considering hiring a caregiver and are interested in applying for an LMIA; you are a caregiver and need to apply for your work permit or extend an existing one; you are about to apply for permanent residence.

Please call or email us; we would be happy to assist you.